Since the beginning of automobiles in late18th century, electric motors had been one of the ways that is considered to propel cars and this was the earliest conceptualization of electric cars. But gas-powered cars has dominated the industry for the past century and this made dependency on gasoline and diesel common . However, electric cars are making their comeback.
As of the present, major automobile companies are trying to shift their efforts and vehicle production into alternative sources of power for cars and electric powered vehicles. This marked the beginning of the electric revolution and this is expected to take-over the dominance of gas-powered vehicle in the automotive industry. Car makers such as Toyota, Honda, and General Motors currently offers the general public with options to go electric.
Major car makers are now offering 100% electric cars such as the Nissan “Leaf” and the Chevy “Volt”. These cars are currently regarded to as “hybrids”. Hybrid cars are basically electric cars assisted by combustion engines powered by gasoline or other alternative fuels.
1. How does an electric car work
Electric cars usually operate in two ways. The first type makes use of an electric motor and a gas powered engine. These power sources works hand in hand with each other in providing the car with the needed power. The electric motor powers the car by using the electric charge from its battery pack. The batteries are recharged by the gas engine and by other charging sources such as the kinetic energy produced when braking. Given this, hybrids are fuel efficient since the use of the electric motor reduces its fuel consumption. In addition to this, hybrids emit lower levels of harmful gases that causes global warming.
There are also hybrid cars which are referred to as “all-electric”. This type of hybrid has no engine and solely depends on the electric motor for power. The car therefore needs to be recharged every time its battery drains. The batteries used for this hybrid stores electric charges that propel the car into a specified distance. Due to this, all-electric hybrids does not consume any fuel that results to zero gas emission.
2. Differences of gas-powered and hybrid cars
Hybrid and gas-powered cars are basically different. One of its difference is the power sources. Secondly, combustion engines used in conventional cars produce loud noise while the electric motor used in hybrids is silent. Third, electric motors don’t have the needed punch that regular combustion engines have. The power produced by electric motors is more direct and stable compared to combustion engines most especially during gear shifts.
3. How does electric cars help save the world
Electric cars had started to become popular since it help save the world or the natural environment from further destruction. Electric cars actually help save the environment since they don’t have gas emissions. They are powered by electricity from its batteries and the batteries only requires to be recharged. Due to this, electric cars reduce the production of carbon monoxide gases that contributes to global warming that has harmful effects on the world.
In addition to this, electric cars can also help save the world by reducing the dependency on gasoline which is obtained from natural fossil fuels. These fossil fuels are slowly depleting and are non-renewable. With the intensified use of electric cars, the need for fossil fuels and gasoline would eventually reduce, allowing it to be preserved for future uses.